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IOC Sub-Commission for the Western Pacific (WESTPAC)

Advancing knowledge and cooperation for a healthy ocean and prosperous society

Our Programme

Research Updates and Publications

Cruise Observation Reports

  • Fifth Cruise, Andaman Sea, 15-18 November 2012
  • Fourth Cruise, Eastern Equatorial Indian Ocean, 26 April-14 May 2012
  • Third Cruise, Eastern Equatorial Indian Ocean, 19 April-13 May 2011
  • Second Cruise, Andaman Sea, 11-17 March 2011
  • First Cruise, Andaman Sea, 22-28 November 2010


  • Li, K., Liu, Y., Li, Z., Yang, Y., Feng, L., Khokiattiwong, S., W. Yu and S. Liu (2018). Impacts of ENSO on the Bay of Bengal summer monsoon onset via modulating the intraseasonal oscillation. Geophysical Research Letters, 45. 10.1029/2018GL078109.
  • Liu, Y., Li, K., Ning, C., Yang, Y., Wang, H., Liu, J., Skhokiattiwong, S., Yu, W. (2018). Observed seasonal variations of the upper ocean structure and air-sea interactions in the Andaman Sea. J. Geophys. Res. – Oceans, 123,
  • Li, K., Y. Liu, Y. Yang, Z. Li, B. Liu, L. Xue, W. Yu, Possible role of pre-monsoon sea surface warming in driving the summer monsoon onset over the Bay of Bengal. Climate Dynamics, 2016, 47(3): 753-763.
  • Salimun, E., Tangang, F., Juneng, L., Behera, S. K. and W. Yu. (2014), Differential impacts of conventional El Niñoversus El Niño Modoki on Malaysian rainfall anomaly during winter monsoon. Int. J. Climatol., 34: 2763–2774. doi: 10.1002/joc.3873.
  • Li, K., W. Yu, T. Li, V. S. N. Murty, S. Khokiattiwong, T. R. Adi and S. Budi, 2013, Structures and mechanisms of the first-branch northward-propagating intraseasonal oscillation over the tropical Indian Ocean. Climate Dyn., 40:1707–1720, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-012-1492-z.
  • Li, Z., W. Yu, T. Li, V.S.N. Murty and F. Tangang, 2013, Bimodal character of cyclone climatology in Bay of Bengal modulated by monsoon seasonal cycle, J. Climate, 26, 1033–1046, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00627.1.
  • Maneesha, K., VSN. Murty, M. Ravichandran, T. Lee, W. Yu, and M. J. McPhaden, 2012: Upper ocean variability in the Bay of Bengal during the cyclones Nargis and Laila. Progr. Oceanogr., DOI: 10.1016/j.pocean.2012.06.006
  • Yu, W.-D., J.-W. Shi, L. Liu, K.-P. Li, Y.-L. Liu, and H.-W. Wang, 2012: The onset of the monsoon over the Bay of Bengal: The observed common features for 2008–2011, Atmos. Oceanic Sci. Lett., 5, 314–318. DOI: 10.1080/16742834.2012.11447009
  • Yu, W.-D., K.-P. Li, J.-W. Shi, L. Liu, W.-H. Wang and Y.-L. Liu, 2012: The onset of the monsoon over the Bay of Bengal: The year-to-year variations, Atmos. Oceanic Sci. Lett., 5, 342–347. DOI: 10.1080/16742834.2012.11447011
  • Khokiattiwong, S. and W. Yu, 2012: Note on the occurrence of high sea surface temperatures in the Andaman Sea, in 2010, Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bull., 71, 1-9.

How to cite articles on the website?

The following are examples of how to cite articles on this website:

Web page with known publication date

WESTPAC. What are the marginal seas in the Western Pacific Ocean?. IOC Sub-Commission for the Western Pacific website,, 13/04/20.

Web page with unknown publication date

WESTPAC. Material exchange and transport with the Kuroshio and eddies and mixing. IOC Sub-Commission for the Western Pacific website,, accessed on 13/04/20.